Pig breeding in the European Union and the Czech Republic

KVAPILÍK, Jindřich. Pig breeding in the European Union and the Czech Republic. Farmář, 2017, vol. 13(1), p. 34-38. ISSN .
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Meat consumption consists of the world 40.1% pork, 34.1% poultry, 20.0% beef and 4.7% sheep and goats. Pigs with a share of 19.5% of the total of 5,061 million livestock was in 2014 the fourth the most numerous species. In 2014, 60% of pigs bred and 57% of pork produced in Asia, where there is 60% of the population and one third of agricultural land area of the planet. Per hectare and per capita has a significant advantage among continents Europe. As the world’s most popular in EU pork. In 2015 it amounted to an average per capita consumption of 33.0 kilograms. Of the total production of pork in 2015 in the EU-28 (23.3 mil. tonnes) accounted for around 58% for four countries (Germany 23.9%, Spain 16.7%, France and Poland to 8.5%) then 1.0% to the Czech Republic. Correlation coefficients indicate eg. to reduce costs per kg with a decline in feed costs and feed prices, to decrease the cost of 1 kg with an increase in gain, and others. In the Czech Republic in the period 1990-2016 to reduce the number of pigs and sows at 34 and 31% and production of pigs and pork at 30 and 34%. Among the main factors that decide about the efficiency of production, includes a large number of weaned piglets from one sow per year, high weight gain, and others.