Lack of workers in the agricultural sector

KVAPILÍK, Jindřich. Lack of workers in the agricultural sector. Zemědělec, 2018, vol. 26(13), p. 36-39. ISSN .
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Enough of reliable workers is one of the main conditions for the successful development of all sectors of the national economy. In the agrarian sector in the Czech Republic there are currently 12 to 15 thous. seasonal workers and around 4,500 non-seasonal workers. Greater supply of jobs results in fluctuations besides workers in the industry also in the food, agriculture and forestry sectors. The main causes of the shortage of workers are mainly lower employee incomes, low prestige, continuous work in livestock production and other. On average in EU employs about 5.0% in agriculture, 21.9% in industry and 73.1% in services, worldwide employs about 31.4, 23.4 and 45.2% in the same sectors. Most indicators on agricultural workers are reported in AWU (Annual Work Unit). These are the number of jobs converted to full-time work. Between 2000 and 2017, the AWU decreased by 24% in EU-15, by 47.3% in EU-12 and by 37.2% in the Czech Republic. Gross monthly wages in the Czech Republic for the three quarters of 2017 averaged CZK 28,761 and CZK 6,005 and 21% less in the same period earned by employees in agriculture, forestry and fishing.