Slovakia, the Czech Republic, the European Union and agriculture

KVAPILÍK, Jindřich. Slovakia, the Czech Republic, the European Union and agriculture. Náš chov, 2018, vol. 78(6), p. 28-32. ISSN .
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The agrarian sector is important, but not only one part of the national economy in the Czech Republic (CR) and Slovakia (SK). Its development affects national indicators and, at the same time, these indicators (often significantly) are influenced agrarian sector. Key indicators include inflation, unemployment and gross domestic product. The income from work and pensions is more important for residents. In 1991, 2004 and 2017, the monthly earnings in CR were about 0.7, 4.2 and 18.2%, and pensions were 13.6, 3.0 and 4.8% higher than in SK. The number of workers in the agrarian sector in SK decreased by 70% (from 8 to 3%) between 1991 and 2017 and by 65% in CR (5 to 3%). In 1991 and 2017 in SK and CR decreased slightly sowing area of cereals (by 11 and 16%), decreased markedly potatoes (by 85 and 80%) and sugar beet (by 54 and 48%) and increase area in rape oil (by 297 and 208%) and technical crops (by 94 and 59%). From the point of view of livestock production with the exception of milk production, all indicators in 2004 and 2017 are clearly lower than in 1991. This concerns the numbers of livestock and their production.