Beef production and economics of breeding suckler cow
Production and consumption of meat in the world based on the number of livestock, the demand for meat, the price development of slaughter animals and consumer prices of meat and the purchasing power of consumers. All over the world behaved in 2014 about 1.5 billion cattle, 2.2 billion sheep and goats, 987 miles pigs and 23 billion poultry. The development in recent years, it is apparent that there has been increase in the number of cattle and to increase beef production also. In 2013 were produced 64 miles tons of beef. In EU-28 behaved 88.4 miles cattle in 2014, of which 12 miles of suckler cows. Beef production in the EU-28 was 7 664 thousand tons in 2014, and per capita consumption in 2013 was 14.9 kg in the EU-28 and 16.2 kg in the EU-15 countries. In the Czech Republic production of beef and veal since 2000 declined from 108 thousand tons to 66 thousand tons, which in 2014 accounted for 15% of total meat production in the country. The decline in the Czech Republic was also evident in the number of slaughterings of cattle and beef consumption per capita. The results of a questionnaire survey of breeding suckler cows show a total cost of 30.2 thousand CZK per cow per year, ie approx. CZK 83 on feeding day and largest cost item is feed, which contributes 24 % to the total annual costs. Profit in group of farms based for 2014 in amount of CZK 2,268 per cow per year. Without subsidies, however, in file is significant loss, which speaks of the fact that without subsidy is unprofitable and to maintain farming subsidies in this agrarian sector is a prerequisite.
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