Livestock Biosecurity - Past, Present and Future

NOVÁK, Pavel, MALÁ, Gabriela a TITTL, K., 2013 Livestock Biosecurity - Past, Present and Future. In XVIth International Congress on Animal Hygiene. Nanjing, China: ISAH, s. 186-188. ISSN
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As the world travel increases and global agriculture evolves, the potential for spreading infectious diseases amplifies, ratcheting up the importance of biological security to new levels. Every farmer has the ultimate responsibility to protect the health of animals under their care and should seriously consider the development of a biosecurity program for their herds. This can be accomplished by working in close cooperation with vets, extension specialists, as well as state officers. The aim of the project is to define the main areas of biosecurity as an important part of preventive measures in farm animals, develop a basic livestock management strategy aimed at preventing the introduction of pathogens into herds or the spread of pathogens within a herd. The goal of a biosecurity plan is to reduce the risk of disease exposure. A disease outbreak occurs when animals are exposed to an infection and the environmental conditions and animal’s resistance are at a certain level. We can influence the occurrence of disease by identifying critical control points or changing risk factors between these points. Thorough cost analyses enable to find an optimum point at which the treatment or in some cases prevention of disease brings returns higher than the costs incurred by the disease. An appropriate hygiene standard is a prerequisite for maintaining good health and a high level of productive and reproductive performance of farm animals. Compliance with the general principles of biosecurity is a prerequisite for production of healthy and biologically wholesome raw materials and foodstuffs of animal origin as one of the important indicators improved competitiveness and economic viability of livestock.

ProjektUdržitelný rozvoj chovu hospodářských zvířat v evropském modelu multifunkčního zemědělství
OdděleníTechnologie a technika chovu hospodářských zvířat