The Indigenous Prestice Black-Pied Pig Breed Differs from a Commercial Hybrid in Growth Intensity, Carcass Value and Meat Quality

NEVRKLA, Pavel, VÁCLAVKOVÁ, Eva a ROZKOT, Miroslav. The Indigenous Prestice Black-Pied Pig Breed Differs from a Commercial Hybrid in Growth Intensity, Carcass Value and Meat Quality. Agriculture, 2021, 11, Article number 331. ISSN 2077-0472.
Kateg. publikaceČlánky v databázi SCOPUS
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Abstrakt

The study was designed for the comparison of barrows and gilts of two contrasting genotypes in terms of growth ability,carcass value and meat quality. A total of 76pigs of the indigenous breed Prestice Black-Pied (PB) and the commercial hybrid of Large White×Landrace×Large White sire line (CH) were included in this study. The groups were balanced regarding genotype and sex. Live weight at the age of 79 days (p < 0.001), live weight at slaughter (p < 0.01), average daily gain (p < 0.001), weight of carcass and left carcass side (p < 0.05) and ham proportion (p < 0.001) were higher in the CH group. The results of this study showed that the PB pigs did not reach the growth intensity of the three-breed commercial hybrid and also the carcass value parameters were worse. However, the benefits of the PB pigs are the parameters of meat quality. Meat of the PB pigs was characterized by more stable pH. The meat was darker with lower values of drip loss and a higher intramuscular fat content, but not so high as to decrease the acceptance of the meat by consumers. A benefit of the PB pigs is higher meat stability in comparison with the CH pigs.

ProjektDlouhodobý koncepční rozvoj výzkumné organizace
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