Intensity of beef production and consumption in the world, in EU countries and in the Czech Republic
With the growing number of the world’s population, there is an increasing demand for basic foods, which clearly include meat. In 2018, total global meat production in carcass weight was 342 billion tons. Compared to the year 2000, resp. 2010, world production increased by 47, respectively 16% and world meat production is expected to double by 2050. Of the main types of meat, poultry (37%) and pork (35%) meat was produced the most in 2018. Beef occupies an imaginary third position with a worldwide production of 67 million tons. Worldwide meat consumption per capita in 2017 was 42.57 kg. In 2018 worldwide 1.5 billion cattle were bred, i.e. about 31 per 100 hectares of agricultural land and 20 per 100 inhabitants. While most cattle were bred in Asia in 2018, most beef and veal were produced in the same year in South and Central America. In 2017, the per capita consumption of beef and veal was 9 kg, which is about 21% of the total per capita meat consumption. In the Czech Republic, in 2019 pork (47%) and poultry (37%) contributed the most to the total annual meat production. The third position with a share of 16% was occupied by beef and veal, whose production was 72.9 thousand tons. Unlike pork and poultry meat, the Czech Republic is self-sufficient in beef production, which allows part of the production to be exported.
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