Welcome to Website of Institute of Animal Science!
Institute of Animal Science (IAS) Prague – Uhříněves is a public research institution founded by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic.
Since its foundation in 1951, the Institute has been a centre of research into biological and bio-technological basis of animal science.
IAS carries out basic and applied research focusing on innovation and the practical use of knowledge in animal science. Eight research departments perform research in the fields of animal genetics and breeding, bio-technology and reproduction, nutrition, quality of products, animal ethology and welfare, breeding technology, herd management and production economy.
In addition to basic and applied research, IAS carries out other expert activities. One of the most significant is the implementation of the National Programme for Conservation and Utilization of Farm Animal Genetic Resources. In 2016, the IAS was appointed as the National Centre for Genetic Resources to coordinate and implement the National Programme, along with many stakeholders. The Institute has also provided for the activity of the Scientific Committee for Animal Nutrition and was entrusted by the Ministry of Agriculture to represent the Czech Republic in the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP). IAS provides professional training on classification of swine and cattle carcasses according to SEUROP, under a contract with the Ministry of Agriculture.
On Thursday, 26th September, Director of the Institute of Animal Science, Associate Professor Petr Homolka, Ph.D. received a commemorative medal for long-term cooperation in research and education at a ceremonial meeting of the Scientific Council of the Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University Brno.Číst dále
Among many hypotheses in the literature that explain overmarking in mammals, most studies favour a sexual selection hypothesis. However, results in the literature are conflicting. In this study, we tested two hypotheses that could explain overmarking by males: (i) as a part of sexual selection, more specifically to mask scent of receptive females and (ii) as a form of communication serving to aid group cohesion. We observed each of the three zebra species in eight different herds at four zoos. In total, we recorded 1395 eliminations (760 defecations, 635 urinations) performed by 78 individuals including 8 stallions. Stallions investigated 248 eliminations and overmarked 124. The rate of overmarking by stallions was higher than those of all other sex and age categories. Stallions of all species overmarked all age and sex categories, except Grevy’s zebra stallions did not overmark foal eliminations. In contrast to our first hypothesis, when attracted to the elimination, stallions overmarked non-oestrus females more often than oestrus ones. Thus, our results did not support the hypothesis that overmarking by males has a sexual selection function, but it could be explained by the group cohesion hypothesis. Based on our results, it seems that overmarking by equid males plays a greater role in intra-specific communication than in intra-sexual competition. In addition, this behaviour might play different roles in different species based on their social organisation.
The Scientific Committee for Animal Nutrition was established in 2002 as an advisory body of the food safety coordination group. Its main task is to prepare scientific studies, offer expert views, and prepare proposals for measures ensuring safety throughout the entire chain of food and feed production.
The aim of the project is to offer pig breeders the practical possibilities of mitigating or eliminating the operational and economic impacts of the restriction and prohibition of surgical castration of the piglets and introducing to farmers validated alternatives to the production of pancakes corresponding to the current trend in a number of European Union countries. The project should provide the user with the knowledge, facts and methodologies leading to a successful adaptation to the changing conditions of the European pigmeat market related to restrictions in the field of surgical castration of the male piglets.
Creating effective tools for selecting individuals into supported populations of genetic resources (GR)based on a combination of available genealogical information and molecular-genetic methods to increase efficiency of the National program for genetic resources to support implementation of the EU Common Agricultural Policy in the field of agro-biodiversity Development of methodology for the selection of individuals for the cryoprogram Description of optimal methodology for semen collection, cryopreseand its own insemination for selected animals’ species engaged into the genetic resource Developing a new method of qualitative evaluation of sperm Practical testing of the new procedure of interspecific ICSI and verification of its utilization
The aim of the present project is to create a reference population of animals needed for a reliable estimation of genomic breeding values (GEPH) of traits. Subsequently, to develop a complex system, methods and computer programs for the evaluation of molecular-genetic markers and to determine the GEPH for population of pigs included into the Czech National Breeding Program. Another objective is to evaluate the genetic variability of population based on molecular-genetic information and the possibility to apply the genomic selection for health and meat quality traits of pigs.
SERVICES AND APPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICAL USE