Welcome to Website of Institute of Animal Science!
Institute of Animal Science (IAS) Prague – Uhříněves is a public research institution founded by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic.
Since its foundation in 1951, the Institute has been a centre of research into biological and bio-technological basis of animal science.
IAS carries out basic and applied research focusing on innovation and the practical use of knowledge in animal science. Eight research departments perform research in the fields of animal genetics and breeding, bio-technology and reproduction, nutrition, quality of products, animal ethology and welfare, breeding technology, herd management and production economy.
In addition to basic and applied research, IAS carries out other expert activities. One of the most significant is the implementation of the National Programme for Conservation and Utilization of Farm Animal Genetic Resources. In 2016, the IAS was appointed as the National Centre for Genetic Resources to coordinate and implement the National Programme, along with many stakeholders. The Institute has also provided for the activity of the Scientific Committee for Animal Nutrition and was entrusted by the Ministry of Agriculture to represent the Czech Republic in the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP). IAS provides professional training on classification of swine and cattle carcasses according to SEUROP, under a contract with the Ministry of Agriculture.
Scientists from National Research Institute of Animal Production (NRIAP) in Poland, Agro Management Tools of Wageningen University and Research Centre (AMT-WUR) in the Netherlands, Lithuanian University of Health Science (LUHS) in Lithuania and Agricultural Institute Stara Zagora in Bulgaria visited the Institute of Animal Science in Prague from 10 to 12 April 2018 withinČíst dále
Rumen simulating techniques (Rusitec) were used to determine the impact of diets containing milled oilseeds on the fermentation parameters and amount of fatty acids (FA) in the effluent. High-forage diets containing no oilseeds (control diet (CD)) or 10% oilseed meal from rapeseed (RS), sunflower seed (SS), or flaxseed (FS) were used on a dry matter (DM) basis. No differences in DM digestibility were observed between the diets. Inclusion of SS and FS significantly reduced the pH values of the ruminal fluid, and a significant decline in the ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) (mg/d) production in effluent was observed in the vessels with SS. Generally, oilseeds in these diets significantly reduced the amount of total fermentation gases (L/d); however, only a tendency toward methane (CH4, %) decrease was detected. The addition of oilseeds also significantly diminished the amount of total volatile fatty acids (VFA) produced (mmol/d). Significant reductions in the amounts of saturated FA in the vessels with RS and FS were observed compared with the CD and a significantly higher amount of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) was noted in the vessels with RS. An increased amount of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), compared with the CD, was statistically significant only in the vessels with FS.
The Scientific Committee for Animal Nutrition was established in 2002 as an advisory body of the food safety coordination group. Its main task is to prepare scientific studies, offer expert views, and prepare proposals for measures ensuring safety throughout the entire chain of food and feed production.
Farming is facing many economic challenges in terms of productivity and cost-effectiveness, as well as an increasing labour shortage partly due to depopulation of rural areas. Reliable detection, accurate identification and proper quantification of pathogens affecting both plant and animal health, must be kept under control to reduce unnecessary costs, trade disruptions and even human health risks. AFarCloud addresses the urgent need for a holistic and systematic approach. It will provide a distributed platform for autonomous farming, which will allow the integration and cooperation of Cyber Physical Systems in real-time for increased agriculture efficiency, productivity, animal health, food quality and reduced farm labour costs. This platform will be integrated with farm management software and will support monitoring and decision-making, based on big data and real time data mining techniques. AFarCloud also aims to make farming robots accessible to more users by enabling farming vehicles to work in a cooperative mesh, opening up new applications and ensuring re-usability, as various standard vehicles can combine their capabilities in order to boost farming efficiency. The achievements from AFarCloud will be showcased in early laboratory trials and holistic demonstrators, including cropping and livestock management scenarios. Local demonstrators will test specific functionalities and validate project results in relevant environments located in different European regions. AFarCloud outcomes will strengthen partners’ market position, boosting their innovation capacity and addressing industrial needs both at EU and international levels. The consortium represents the whole ICT-based farming solutions’ value chain, including all key actors needed for the development, demonstration and future market uptake of the precision farming framework targeted in the project.
Human population is exposed to a broad spectrum of endocrine disruptors. Bisphenol A (BPA) are one of the group that is widely used in items of daily needs. BPA has previously been shown to negatively affecting human reproduction and usage of assisted reproductive technology (ART). However, substitution of BPA by alternative BPs brought serious problems, such as unproven harmlessness of other BPs (BPS, BPF, BPAF) and possible interactions of individual BPs in organism. Moreover, the molecular mechanism of BPs negative effect and real impact on human reproductive health remains unclear. We hypothesize that human population is exposed to BPs, negatively affecting human reproduction. The aim of the project is a) to describe a relationship of BPs' level in human seminal plasma/follicular fluid and ART outcomes and b) to describe mechanism of BPs' action experimentally, using models (i.e. mouse, pig and human follicular cells). The estimation of BPs' risk for human reproductive health and description of molecular mechanism will become a background for the solution of the BPs' problem. Project objectives 1) The biomonitoring of human population; a) the detection and quantification of BPs in seminal plasma and follicular fluids of patients undergoing the ART, b) the correlation analysis of BPs' content in the fluids with sperm quality and outputs of ART, c) the survey of the influence of anamnesis, profession and life style on BPs' exposure based on evaluation of questionnaires. 2) The study of biological models for evaluation of individual BPs' (with emphasis on bisphenol detected in Task 1, including a combination of BPs) on molecular mechanism. Human follicular cells will be included onto the index of the biological models for BPs study; a) to evaluate the effect of in vivo BP exposure on testis histology and sperm quality of mice, b) to evaluate the effect of in vivo BP exposure on quality of ovaries and oocytes of mice, c) to evaluate the effect of BP on embryonic development of mice, d) to evaluate the effect of BP on time course of pig oocyte maturation and assessment of the expansion of cumulus cells, e) characterization of BPs' target systems (on mRNA and protein level) in matured oocytes of mice and pigs, f) to evaluate the BPs effect on viability of human follicular cells.
Design new and improve existing systems and technologies for the production of quality forage by extending the precision farming features in the field of crop production to their harvest, storage and use in cattle nutrition. Develop software for the evaluation of forage quality using the fast and inexpensive NIRs spectrometric method. Update NIRs calibration equations according to chemical analysis results. Set up devices to respond appropriately to dryness, nutrition, and fodder processing level, and indicate the need for intervention, or automatically change eg the dose of silage preparation or the length of TMR mixing in the feed wagon. The targets will be met by 2022.
SERVICES AND APPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICAL USE