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Tradice a budoucnost

S tradičními hodnotami pracujeme na základě nejnovějších vědeckých poznatků za pomoci inovací a moderních přístupů.

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Welcome to Website of Institute of Animal Science!

Institute of Animal Science (IAS) Prague – Uhříněves is a public research institution founded by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic.

Since its foundation in 1951, the Institute has been a centre of research into biological and bio-technological basis of animal science.

IAS carries out basic and applied research focusing on innovation and the practical use of knowledge in animal science. Eight research departments perform research in the fields of animal genetics and breeding, bio-technology and reproduction, nutrition, quality of products, animal ethology and welfare, breeding technology, herd management and production economy.

In addition to basic and applied research, IAS carries out other expert activities. One of the most significant is the implementation of the National Programme for Conservation and Utilization of Farm Animal Genetic Resources. In 2016, the IAS was appointed as the National Centre for Genetic Resources to coordinate and implement the National Programme, along with many stakeholders. The Institute has also provided for the activity of the Scientific Committee for Animal Nutrition and was entrusted by the Ministry of Agriculture to represent the Czech Republic in the European Federation of Animal Science (EAAP). IAS provides professional training on classification of swine and cattle carcasses according to SEUROP, under a contract with the Ministry of Agriculture.

 

Genetic evaluation of the scrotal circumference of beef bulls in the Czech Republic

The objective of the present study was to estimate the genetic parameters for the scrotal circumference of bulls of beef breeds in the Czech Republic. The used database for the years 1996–2020 comprised information on the scrotal circumference measurements from 22 065 bulls of 19 pure breeds and crossbred animals of the Beef Simmental, Charolais, and Hereford breeds. After adjustments, the database contained 16 404 records. To test the influence of systematic fixed effects, the GLM/SAS procedure using the least-squares method was applied. The contemporary group, weight and age of the bulls were included as significant systematic environmental effects (< 0.05). The genetic parameters were determined by a single-trait model using the AIREMLF90 program. The heritability coefficient of the scrotal circumference was 0.27. Environmental correlations of the scrotal circumference with the bull weight were moderate and positive (r = 0.2), but the correlations between the age in days and the scrotal circumference were almost zero (r = 0.03). The results indicate that the scrotal circumference of beef cattle breeds provides sufficiently high genetic variability that can be used to identify individuals with an above-average circumference and, in this way, increase the probability of selection of a young bull with a better reproduction potential.

Scientific Committee for Animal Nutrition                                                                                                                       

The Scientific Committee for Animal Nutrition was established in 2002 as an advisory body of the food safety coordination group. Its main task is to prepare scientific studies, offer expert views, and prepare proposals for measures ensuring safety throughout the entire chain of food and feed production.

CURRENT PROJECTS

Use of genomic selection to optimise the resilience of dairy cattle

Describe a new trait - the general resilience of dairy cows. Provide a methodology for measuring this trait on the population level. Estimate genetic parameters of resilience and predict genomic breeding values. Analyse associations between resilience and other traits included in the selection index (production, fertility, longevity). Provide methodical foundations for including resilience in dairy cattle breeding.

New methods of pig carcass classification

The aim of the project is to collect the data needed for developing innovative regression equations and approving new methods of pig carcass classification. These would correspond to the current level of lean meat proportion in pig populations in the Czech Republic. At the same time they would respond to the need for updating in terms of technical, technological, breeding, etc. and reflect the requirements of suppliers and processors of slaughtered pigs. A sophisticated method of computed tomography will be used to achieve the set goal, replacing the very laborious and expensive manual dissection of pig carcasses.

International Mobility IAS

The project "INTERNATIONAL MOBILITY OF VUŽV" is co-financed by the European Union. The project is aimed at strengthening international cooperation between the Institute of Animal Science foreign research institutions. The strengthening of international cooperation will lead to the acquisition of new information, the learning of new scientific procedures and the familiarisation with the ways of scientific work practiced in foreign institutions. By linking and sharing knowledge and experience, the internationalisation of the scientific community will be enhanced. Young researchers will gain new experience and suggestions through contact with a specialist from abroad, as well as through a trip to a foreign institution, which they will subsequently apply in their own research carried out in the interest of the development of Czech science and society. For senior scientists, a long-term internship or contact with a foreign scientist will provide an opportunity to break away from established practices, and a new perspective on topics within a given field of science. In the area of administration, we expect to gain deeper expertise and closer links between staff and foreign institutions, creating a basis for long-term cooperation and thus involvement in international projects. The ultimate goal in the long term is to increase the ability of the VÚŽV to participate in international scientific project consortia.

PRACTICAL ACTIVITIES

SERVICES AND APPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICAL USE

EXPERT REPORTS

Preparation of analyses, studies and research on individual demand

CONTRACT RESEARCH

Contract research following the partners’ assignment

SEUROP

Training courses for cattle and pig carcass classifiers.

ECONOMIC ANALYSES

ECOWEIGHT, FarmProfit, Forecasting the Structure of Dairy Cattle Herd, Forecasting the structure of dairy cattle herd

CONSULTANCY

Active consultancy for the breeders of dairy cattle, beef cattle, goats and sheep, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses and cervids.

EXPERT SEMINARS

Invited lectures for breeders, students and agricultural business staff on specific topics