Positive welfare: What does it add to the debate over pig welfare?
|Kateg. publikace||Monografie, brožury, knihy, kapitoly v knize|
Positive welfare is a relatively new concept when considered from the perspective of intensive pig farming which predominates in the global production of pork meat. First, the scientific literature is predominately focused on what can be regarded as more negative aspects of pig welfare and most heavily weighted towards the last hours or days of the pigs’ life. Second, whilst there are a number of approaches which could be applied to assess positive welfare in pigs, there have been few studies to date and there is a need for further validation and refinement for practical onfarm application. Third, we can find only one small study into how pig farms match up against positive welfare descriptors; this one study of finisher pigs suggests that intensive pig production methods are generally inadequate in promoting positive welfare. Finally, we make the case that a focus on positive welfare could have a number of advantages which could influence future developments in pig welfare. These include: a change of focus from making small steps to reduce negatives to more radical changes to maximise positives; discovery of new biological insights into positive emotional states and their role in promoting positive welfare; and greater effectiveness in instigating substantive human behavioural change across the supply chain in favour of improved pig welfare.
|Projekt||Rozvoj hospodářských zvířat v multifunkčním zemědělství|
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